Bilateral and multilateral APAs are generally bilateral or multilateral, i.e. they also enter into agreements between the subject and one or more foreign tax administrations under the control of the Mutual Agreement Procedure (POP) under the tax treaties.  The subject benefits from such agreements, since he is assured that income from covered transactions is not subject to double taxation on the part of the IRS and the relevant foreign tax authorities. The IRS policy is to “encourage” taxpayers to apply for bilateral or multilateral APA where there are provisions of the competent authority. In its application, the applicant determines the content of the APA. The application must define the scope of both time and substance. In addition, it is worth mentioning the other countries with which a pre-agreement on transfer pricing is to be concluded. If an applicant requests a multilateral APA (with more than two participating states), the APA consists of several bilateral APAs. Companies that wish to avoid the threat of double economic taxation in advance can apply for an APA. In Germany, the Bundeszentralamt for Steuern (BZSt) is responsible for the implementation of these procedures.
Applications to open an APA can therefore be filed directly with the BZSt. There are several factors that are problematic during the GPA agreement with the DGT: after the signing of the pre-price agreement with the foreign state (s), the BZSt informs the applicant in writing of the result and asks him to approve the content of the agreement. In addition, the applicant is asked to waive his right of appeal to the tax office. Once the applicant has agreed to the content and waived his right of appeal, the tax office grants the applicant the corresponding mandatory prior obligation to implement the pre-transfer prices at the national level. The main benefits of an APA include: – the prevention of tax controls for APA-covered transactions (reducing costs and related efforts) and eliminating any transfer pricing adjustments: – removal of late interest and penalties for possible transfer pricing adjustments; Eliminating the costs of establishing the transfer pricing record for APA-covered transactions (during the period during which the APA is in effect); Avoid double taxation.